Diabetes mellitus (or diabetes) is a chronic, lifelong condition that affects your body's ability to use the energy found in food. There are three major types of diabetes: type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes.
All types of diabetes mellitus have something in common. Normally, your body breaks down the sugars and carbohydrates you eat into a special sugar called glucose. Glucose fuels the cells in your body. But the cells need insulin, a hormone, in your bloodstream in order to take in the glucose and use it for energy. With diabetes mellitus, either your body doesn't make enough insulin or it can't use the insulin it does produce or a combination of both.
Since the cells can't take in the glucose, it builds up in your blood. High levels of blood glucose can damage the tiny blood vessels in your kidneys, heart, eyes, or nervous system. That's why diabetes -- especially if left untreated -- can eventually cause heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, blindness, and nerve damage to nerves in the feet.
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is also called insulin-dependent diabetes. It used to be called juvenile-onset diabetes, because it often begins in childhood. It is an autoimmune condition. It's caused by the body attacking its own pancreas with antibodies. Having Type 1 diabetes does require significant lifestyle changes that include:
Frequent testing of your blood sugar levels, careful meal planning, daily exercise, taking insulin and other medications as needed and adhere to the treatment plan.
Type 2 Diabetes
By far, the most common form of diabetes is type 2 diabetes accounting for 95% of diabetes cases in adults. With the epidemic of obese and overweight kids, more teenagers are now developing type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes was also called non-insulin-dependent diabetes.
Diabetes that's triggered by pregnancy is called gestational diabetes
Nutrition and Meal Timing for Diabetes
Eating a balanced diet is vital for people who have diabetes, so work with your doctor or dietitian to set up a menu plan. If you have type 1 diabetes, the timing of your insulin dosage is determined by activity and diet. When you eat and how much you eat are as important as what you eat. Usually, doctors recommend three small meals and three to four snacks every day to maintain the proper balance between sugar and insulin in the blood.
A healthy balance of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats in your diet will help keep your blood glucose on target. How much of each will depend on many factors, including your weight and your personal preferences. Watching your carbohydrates -- knowing how much you need and how many you are eating -- is key to blood sugar control. If you are overweight, either a low-carbohydrate, low-fat/low calorie, or Mediterranean diet may help you get your weight to goal. No more than 7% of your diet should come from saturated fat, and you should try to avoid trans fats altogether.
Diabetes Control Program
Complete physical exam by the Physician.
Complete blood tests and profiling, if not done recently.
Medications as per blood tests report.
Nutraceutical support and Multivitamins supplements.
Personalized diet plan based on blood test report.
Meal Replacement Programs depending on availability & need.
Individual Lifestyle Modification Classes.
Progressive Training for Behavior Change.
Physical Activity Training and guidance per current health.
Body Composition Measurement.
Stress management guidance.